All posts by Maryam Thirriard

14/06 – Séminaire “biographie”: Ronald Bonan

14/06 14h00
Maison de la recherche – Salle 2.44
Faculté ALLSH – AMU
29 avenue Schuman – Aix-en-Provence

Ronald Bonan

Un thriller sur A. Dürer :
 la construction de la vérité biographique dans l’empiètement des imaginaires.

Ronald Bonan est philosophe, spécialiste notamment de Merleau-Ponty, et écrivain. Sa communication s’appuiera sur son roman paru en 2016 chez Fragrances, Hamadryas, un “thriller sur A.Dürer”. Cette séance s’inscrit dans le cadre de notre réflexion collective sur les liens qu’entretiennent fiction et biographie, littérature et histoire.

Ronald Bonan is a philosopher, a specialist in the philosophy of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and a writer.  He will be presenting his novel Hamadryas, published in 2016 by Fragrances. This session of our “biography” seminar addresses the issue of the relation between fiction and biography, literature and history. 

 

Great Biographers/Grands Biographes

We are very happy to announce the publication of part one of “Great Biographers” in the e-journal Les Grandes Figures historiques dans la littérature et les arts (N°6 2017)

The publication of part two (N°6 bis 2017) is scheduled for October 2017.

 

Greats Biographers/ Grands biographes

 

Editors: Joanny Moulin & Hans Renders

Joanny Moulin (Aix Marseille univ, LERMA, Aix-en-Provence, Biography Society)

Hans Renders (Groningen University,Faculty of Arts, Biography Institute, History Department)

Content:

Introduction

Tobias Heinrich (New College, University of Oxford), “Friedrich Schlichtegroll’s Nekrolog. Enlightenment Biography”

Nikol Dziub (Université de Haute-Alsace), “Washington Irving biographe, ou la fabrique des mythes américains”

Damien Fortin (Université de Lorraine), “Eloge et élégie. La critique biographique de Sainte Beuve

Christopher Griffin (Institut Catholique de Rennes), “‘I should like to see our young officers read all your volumes’: Theodore Ayrault Dodge and American Military Biography”

Joanny Moulin (Aix Marseille univ, LERMA, Aix-en-Provence), “André Maurois, or the Aesthetic Advantage of Biography over the Novel”

Journal website: Les Grandes Figures historiques dans les lettres et les arts (Université Lille 3)

CFP: Transnational Perspectives on the Writing of Artists’ Lives, 19th-21st centuries.

CALL FOR PAPERS :

Amsterdam School for Regional,
European and Transnational studies.

University of Amsterdam

An Interdisciplinary Workshop

25-26 January 2018

Some writers are so fascinated by other artists that they study their biographies and tell their life stories, in fictional or non-fictional form. Whereas artists’ lives have been written throughout the ages, they have become increasingly popular since the romantic period, with the rise of the artist-hero in the Künstlerroman. Many romantic and post-romantic writers portrayed an artist from their home country as iconic of the nation, thus establishing or consolidating a national cultural tradition. However, there are numerous examples of authors who wrote the life stories of writers, painters or musicians from countries other than their own:

Alexander Pushkin tells about the rivalry between two famous composers in his theatre play Mozart and Salieri (1830) ; André Maurois narrates the life story of Shelley in Ariel ou la vie de Shelley (1923);  The Moon and Sixpence  (1919) is a fictional biography of Paul Gauguin written by Somerset Maugham and Symphonie Pathétique  (1935) is Klaus Mann’s biographical novel of Tchaikovsky. More recent examples are the literary biography of Jane Austen written by the Canadian novelist Carol Shields in 2001;  Caryl Phillips’ Radio Play A Kind of Home: James Baldwin in Paris (2004) and Julian Barnes’s novel The Noise of Time (2016) in which he examines the biography of Shostakovich.

All these examples show literary writers who, in many different ways, construct their subject’s life stories in order to reflect on life and art and to define their own aesthetic position. Whether they criticize their ‘hero’ or identify with him/her as a formative model and make it their own, they establish a trans-national relation with this particular artist.

We will further investigate the dynamics of such transnational relations and appropriations in a two-day international workshop on artists’ biographies in the 19th-21st centuries. We will focus on the lives of artists, written by artists, such as literary biographies, biographical novels and operas or theatre plays that clearly rely on biographical elements.

We aim to examine four central issues:

  1. the various forms and usages of artist’s biographies. How and why do writers engage with the lives of other artists? Which elements are foregrounded and which elements are ignored in the life narrative they construct?
  2. the truth and fiction about an artists’ life. To what effect do writers fictionalize certain biographical elements? What kind of ‘truth’ do they convey through literary writing?
  3. the historical development of the artist-hero in modern literature, literary biography and portraiture. Should we consider the romantic period as ‘tipping point’; a period in which artists begin to write about artists? Are there similar tipping or turning points in the twentieth century in the writing of artists’ lives?
  4. the transnational dynamics of identity formation. What is the importance of studying ‘foreign’ artist’s lives in the formation of artistic identities? To what extent does this contribute to the sense of belonging to a (trans)national, European or cosmopolitan artistic community? How do politics come into play here?

 

Proposals, no longer than 200 words, should be sent before 1 June 2017 to Kasper van Kooten (K.B.vanKooten@uva.nl) and Marleen Rensen (M.J.M.Rensen@uva.nl).

SAES Workshop: (Re) Constructing Lives (1-3 June)

 

Workshop of the Biography Society

at the

Annual Conference of the SAES
Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne
1-3 June 2017 in Reims

 

Conveners:

Pr Joanny Moulin, Aix Marseille Université
Dr Jean-Charles Perquin, Université Lumière Lyon 2

Workshop description
(see below for programme)

Do biographies necessarily impose on lives an artificial pattern? Is not a life already a construction, quite apart from any attempt to write about it? If, on the one hand, biography may serve the ideological purpose of ceaselessly constructing and reconstructing idealized lives of iconic historical figures, on the other hand, it may just as well work the other way around. If biography can serve the purposes of myth-making, modern biography is more often than not an investigation, de-constructing the lives of historical personages to re-construct them on a more true-to-life basis. For instance, in a distant past, James Anthony Froude’s Life of Carlyle scandalized his contemporaries by knocking the great man off his pedestal, paving the way for Lytton Strachey’s Eminent Victorians, and much more recently the biographies of C. G. Jung by Richard Noll and Ronald Hayman, reconstructing the life of the Swiss psychologist in a very iconoclastic light, or again Pierre Péan’s François Mitterand, Un jeunesse française, unearthing once more the socialist leader’s commitment with the Vichy government.

This workshop will particularly welcome contributions looking at the positioning of biographies relatively to this ideological notion of “construction”. Other papers may concentrate rather on the biographers’ narrative discourse as a process of re-constructing those parts or sides of their subjects’ lives that have been erased out of historical document, whether intentionally or accidentally—a limit case in this respect is Ivan Jablonka’s Laetitia, and the use of ‘fictions de méthode’ to investigate the gaps. Another direction worth exploring would be the way in which, biographical information about an author/an artist may drastically inflect the reception of his/her work.

Programme 

Thursday 1st June 2017

4.00-6.30 : Ateliers I

Chair: Joanny Moulin (Aix-Marseille Université)

4.00-4.20 – Antoine Capet (Université de Rouen) – Churchill personnage de « biopic » : « reconstruction » d’une vie légendaire

4.20-4.40Catherine Heyrendt (Université Reims-Champagne-Ardennes) – Champagne, myth, and turtle soup : reconstructing Winston Churchill’s life in food and drink

4.40-5.00 Olivier Frayssé (Université Paris IV- Sorbonne) – La dimension biographique du révisionnisme dans l’historiographie américaine

5.00-5.20 – Patrick Di Mascio (Aix-Marseille Université) – Biographie et démocratie: remarques à partir de Tocqueville.

 

Friday 2nd June 2017

Chair: Hans Renders (University of Groningen)

9.00-11.00 : Ateliers II

9:00-9:20 – Jean Raimond (Université de Reims Champagne-Ardennes) – « Robert Southey’s Life of Nelson : the making of a legendary heroic figure »

9:20-9:40 – Jean-Charles Perquin (Université Lumière Lyon 2 ) -Henry James’s “The Private Life” and Robert Browning

9:40-10:00 – Page Richards (University of Hong Kong) – Lyric Construction and ‘Born Retrospection’: ‘Late Arrivals’ and Re-Conception in Biographical Lyric.”

10:00 – 10:20 – Isabelle Pariente-Butterlin (Aix-Marseille Université) – The Concept of Moral Life

 

Saturday 3rd June 2017

Chair: Page Richards (University of Hong Kong)

09:00-10:30 : Ateliers III                                   

9:00-9:20 – Natalie Dykstra (Hope College, Holland, Michigan) -Nicked with Incident:  Eloquent Objects and Biographical Storytelling

9:20-9:40 – Alice Braun (Université Paris Ouest Nanterre) – “Setting my story against hers”: (re)constructing motherhood in Jeanette Winterson’s autobiography

9:40-10:00 – Aquarini Priyatna (Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia) – [Re]Constructing the Self, Rebuilding A Life Post Nude Images in Playboy: The Biography of Indonesian [ex] Nude Model Tiara Lestari

 

11.00-12.30:  Ateliers IV

Chair: Catherine Heyrendt (Université Reims-Champagne-Ardennes)

11.00-11.20 – Marleen Rensen (University of Amsterdam) -Constructing Transnational Lives

11.20-11.40 – Marco Mongelli (University of Bologna & Paris IV Sorbonne) – L’usage de la fiction dans les biographies de Jean Echenoz

11.40-12.00 – Valeria Mosca (University of Genoa) –  A Life in Writing and a Life of Writing: J.C. Kannemeyer and David Attwell’s Biographies of J.M. Coetzee

12.00-12.20 – Alexandre Tremblay (Aix-Marseille Université) -Lytton Strachey: Constructing a Metafictive Essence

Séminaire “Biographie”: Table ronde autour des textes de Hayden White et Ivan Jablonka 12/04

Séance du séminaire “biographie”

12 avril 2017 de 14h à 16h

Maison de la Recherche:  14h – 16h salle 2.44

Table ronde autour des textes de:

Hayden White

 

Metahistory – The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe (1973, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2015)

&

Ivan Jablonka

 L’Histoire est une littérature contemporaine : Manifeste pour les sciences sociales (Le Seuil, 2014).

 Présentation des textes

WHITE, Metahistory  – Présentation de l’éditeur: Since its initial publication in 1973, Hayden White’s Metahistory has remained an essential book for understanding the nature of historical writing. In this classic work, White argues that a deep structural content lies beyond the surface level of historical texts. This latent poetic and linguistic content—which White dubs the “metahistorical element”—essentially serves as a paradigm for what an “appropriate” historical explanation should be.

To support his thesis, White analyzes the complex writing styles of historians like Michelet, Ranke, Tocqueville, and Burckhardt, and philosophers of history such as Marx, Hegel, Nietzsche, and Croce. The first work in the history of historiography to concentrate on historical writing as writingMetahistory sets out to deprive history of its status as a bedrock of factual truth, to redeem narrative as the substance of historicality, and to identify the extent to which any distinction between history and ideology on the basis of the presumed scientificity of the former is spurious (Johns Hopkins University Press).

 

JABLONKA, L’Histoire est une littérature contemporaine – Présentation de l’auteur: “L’histoire n’est pas fiction, la sociologie n’est pas roman, l’anthropologie n’est pas exotisme, et toutes trois obéissent à des exigences de méthode. À l’intérieur de ce cadre, rien n’empêche le chercheur d’écrire.

Concilier sciences sociales et création littéraire, c’est tenter d’écrire de manière plus libre, plus originale, plus juste, plus réflexive, non pour relâcher la scientificité de la recherche, mais au contraire pour la renforcer. L’histoire est d’autant plus scientifique qu’elle est littéraire.

Réciproquement, la littérature est compatible avec la démarche des sciences sociales. Les écrits du réel – enquête, reportage, journal, récit de vie, témoignage – concourent à l’intelligibilité du monde. Ils forment une littérature qui, au moyen d’un raisonnement, vise à comprendre le passé ou le présent.

Des sciences sociales qui émeuvent et captivent ? Une littérature qui produit de la connaissance ? Il y a là des perspectives nouvelles pour le siècle qui s’ouvre”. (seuil.com)  – Éditeur et écrivain, Ivan Jablonka est professeur d’histoire à l’université Paris 13.